8000ers
3D modelisations of the 14 highest mountains of the world
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1st Everest

Datas

Height : 8,848 meters
Location : Nepal / China

First summit

1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay via the southeast ridge route.

Toggle ascension routes
  • South Col route
  • North ridge

Did you know ?

Mount Everest is by far the most climbed of all eight-thousanders with more than 5000 successful ascents, but it remains a deadly mountain : there are more than 200 bodies lying in its Death Zone (above 8000 meters).

Scientists previously thought that due to its extremly high altitude, climbing Everest without bottled oxygen would be impossible. Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler prove them wrong by accomplishing this feat for the first time in 1978.

2nd K2

Datas

Height : 8,611 meters
Location : Pakistan / China

First summit

1954 by Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni via the Abruzzi Spur.

Toggle ascension routes
  • Abruzzi Spur (standard route)
  • North ridge

Did you know ?

Due to its remoteness, extreme weather and frequent avalanches on its steep slopes, the K2 is one of the hardest mountain to climb. It is the only eight-thousander that has never been summited during winter.

3rd Kangchenjunga

Datas

Height : 8,586 meters
Location : Nepal / India

First summit

1955 by Joe Brown and George Band via the Yalung Face (southwest).

Toggle ascension routes
  • Yalung Face (standard route)

Did you know ?

Until 1852 and a new trigonometric survey, Kangchenjunga was believed to be the highest mountain in the world.

Its summit is considered sacred by the Chogyal people and most climbers that reach the top have to stop a few meters before the true summit to respect the tradition.

4th Lohtse

Datas

Height : 8,516 meters
Location : Nepal / China

First summit

1956 by Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger via the northwest face.

Toggle ascension routes
  • Northwest face (standard route)
  • South face

Did you know ?

Lhotse is just a stonethrow from Mount Everest as they are connected by the South Col.

The main climbing route is almost identical to the Everest's southeast route : they split just beneath the South Col.

5th Makalu

Datas

Height : 8,485 meters
Location : Nepal / China

First summit

1955 by Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy via the north face to northeast ridge route.

Toggle ascension routes
  • North face to northeast ridge (standard route)
  • South face to southeast ridge

Did you know ?

Makalu is considered one of the most technical and difficult eight-thousander to climb due to its steep pitches and its ridges that are widely open to the elements.

6th Cho Oyu

Datas

Height : 8,201 meters
Location : Nepal / China

First summit

1954 by Herbert Tichy, Joseph Jöchler and Sherpa Pasang Dawa Lama via the northwest ridge.

Toggle ascension routes
  • Northwest ridge (standard route)

Did you know ?

Cho Oyu is considered to be the easiest eight-thousander to climb and therefore is the second most summited (after Mt Everest), with more than 3000 successful ascents.

Its true summit is located near the end of a wide plateau and many climbers, claiming a successful ascent, in fact just reach the fore summit.

7th Dhaulagiri

Datas

Height : 8,167 meters
Location : Nepal

First summit

1960 by Kurt Diemberger, P. Diener, E. Forrer, A. Schelbert, Nyima Dorje Sherpa and Nawang Dorje via the northeast ridge route.

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  • Northeast ridge (standard route)

Did you know ?

Dhaulagiri's south face, rising over 4,000m, is still unclimbed until now. It remains one of the greatest challenge in himalayaism.

It was first reconnoitered in 1950 by the French expedition led by Maurice Herzog. They finally switched to Annapurna (which they succesfully summited that year) because they did not saw any feasible route.

8th Manaslu

Datas

Height : 8,163 meters
Location : Nepal

First summit

1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu via the northeast face.

Toggle ascension routes
  • Northeast face (standard route)

Did you know ?

Although Manaslu remains one of the most dangerous eight-thousanders, it has already been climbed by 9 different routes.

9th Nanga Parbat

Datas

Height : 8,126 meters
Location : Pakistan

First summit

1953 by Hermann Buhl via the Rakhiot Flank (East Ridge).

Toggle ascension routes
  • Diamir Face (standard route)
  • Rupal Face

Did you know ?

The Rupal Face (south face) of the Nanga Parbat is the highest mountain face in the world, rising 4,600 meters from its base to the summit.

It is also the only eight-thousanders for which the first ascent was made without supplemental oxygen and alone.

10th Annapurna I

Datas

Height : 8,091 meters
Location : Nepal

First summit

1950 by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal via the north face.

Toggle ascension routes
  • North face

Did you know ?

Althought Annapurna I had been the first eight-thousander ever summited (and the only one on the first try), it remains the less summited (less than 200) and the most dangerous mountain on earth.

Its fatality rate is 32%, which means that for every three climbers that make it safely up and down Annapurna I, one dies trying.

11th Gasherbrum I

Datas

Height : 8,080 meters
Location : Pakistan / China

First summit

1958 by Pete Schoening and Andrew Kauffman via the north face.

Toggle ascension routes
  • North face

Did you know ?

Gasherbrum I is also known as Hidden Peak (and formerly K5) due to its extreme remoteness. It is located in the Karakoram range near the K2, the Broad Peak and, of course, the Gasherbum II.

12th Broad Peak

Datas

Height : 8,051 meters
Location : Pakistan / China

First summit

1958 by Fritz Wintersteller, Marcus Schmuck, Kurt Diemberger and Hermann Buhl.

Toggle ascension routes
  • West face

Did you know ?

Bord Peak is located just a few kilometers south east of the K2. They are only separated by the Baltoro Glacier.

3 of its several summits are higher thant 8,000 meters : the main summit, Rocky Summit (8,028m) and Broad Peak Central (8,011m).

13th Gasherbrum II

Datas

Height : 8,035 meters
Location : Pakistan / China

First summit

1956 by Fritz Moravec, Josef Larch and Hans Willenpart via the southwest ridge.

Toggle ascension routes
  • Southwest ridge

Did you know ?

Gasherbrum II is located just next to its cousin, Gasherbrum I. Their climbing routes share the same Base Camp and Camp I.

In 1984, Reinhold Messner and Hans Kammerlander were the first to summit 2 peaks higher than 8000 meters (Gasherbrum II and I) without returning to Base Camp.

14th Shishapangma

Datas

Height : 8,027 meters
Location : China

First summit

1964 by Hsu Ching, Wang Fuzhou, Chang Chun-yen, Chen San, Cheng Tiel-liang, Wu Tsung-yue, Sodnam Doji, Migmar Trashi, Doji and Yonten via the northern route.

Toggle ascension routes
  • Northen route

Did you know ?

The smallest of all eight-thousanders was also the last to be summited, due to restrictions on foreign travelers in China.

Is is now considered as one of the "easier" eight-thousander to climb, with a vehicle access possible up to base camp at 5,000m. To reach the true summit, climbers have to walk on a knife-edge ridge. A lot of them therefore stop at the fore summit.


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2016 - Martin Laxenaire